Can’t Drive Kids to the Mosque? Learn Quran Online by Live Tutor on Skype!
Introduction to Ten Qirats
According to a Hadith narrated from the Holy Prophet peace be upon him, the Quran has been revealed in seven ahruf i.e. seven dialects of the Arabs at the time of the Holy Prophet peace be upon him. Later, in the era of Hazrat Uthman, the third caliph in the history of Islam, Muslims were united on the one dialect that was of the Quraysh. This was done to avoid misunderstanding about the Quran in the wake of the spread of Islam to the non-Arab regions.
In addition, there are a number of styles or methods of recitation of the Quran that are called the Qirats of the Quran. In total, these Qirats are seventeen but, out of them, ten Qirats are recognized to be authentic by the Muslim Ummah. These Qirats have their unique methods of recitation and rules of Tajweed. There are academies that offer the opportunity to learn Quran online. But the best Qari course would be the one in which an individual would have the opportunity to LEARN TEN QIRATS ONLINE. In these online courses, a person learns the Qira’at meanings, their rules of tajweed, the Qari after whom the Qirat is known. It would be relevant to clarify here that out of these ten Qirats seven are regarded to be mutawatir and the remaining three are deemed to be mashhūr. The mutawatir means that the Qirat has been narrated by a chain in which the number of narrators is so high that there is no possibility of error while the mashhūr means that the number of narrators is slightly less than that of the mutawatir. Now, let’s have a brief introduction of the ten Qirats in which the first seven are mutawatir and the last three are mashhūr.
Learn Ten Qirat Online and Names of the Ten Qirats
- Nāfi’ bin ‘Abdul Rahmān bin AbīNa’īm al-Madanī: Imam Malik bin Anas used to recite the Holy Qur’ān according to the Qurat of Nafi’. Further, Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal very often adopted thisQirat. Qirat of Nafi’ was preserved and transferred by his two famous disciples namelyWarsh and Qalūn.
- ‘Abdullah bin Kathīr al-Darī al-Makkī: Imam Muhammad bin Idrīs al-Shāfi’ī used to recite the Holy Quran according to the Qirat of Ibn-e-Kathīr. The two persons who preserved this Qirat are al-Buzzī and Qumbul.
- Abū ‘Amr bin al-‘lā’ al-Basrī: This qirat was preserved and transferred by the two disciples of Abu ‘Amr namely al-Dūrī and al-Sūsī.
- ‘Abdullah bin ‘Āmir al-Yahsabī al-Shamī: Hishām and Zakwān are the two disciples of al-Shamī who preserved and transferred his Qirat.
- ‘Asim bin Abī al-Nujūd al-Asadī al-Kūfī: The founder of Hanafī School of Islamic law, Imam AbūHanifa used to recite the Holy Quran according to the Qirat of al-Kūfī. Sometimes Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal also used to recite the Quran this way. Since the Qirat of al-Kufi has been preserved and transferred by his two pupils namely Hafs and ‘Asim, the Qirat is sometimes called the Qirat of Hafs and Asim.
- Hamza bin Habīb al-Ziyat al-Kufī: Imam Khalaf and Khallad are the two Qaris who preserved the Qirat of Hamza. It should be noted that al-QarīKhalaf has his own Qirat too that is listed at the number 10 of the ten Qirats.
- Abul-Hasan ‘Alī bin Hamza al-Kasā’ī al-Nahwi al-Kūfī:Qari al-Layth and al-Durī are the two persons who preserved this Qirat.
- AbūJa’farYazīd bin al-Qa’qā’ al-Madanī: ‘Isā and Slayman are the two Qaris from the line of this Qirat goes down.
- Ya’qūb bin Ishāq al-Hadramī al-Basrī: It is quite a famous that Imam Muhammad bin Isma’īl al-Bukhāri used to recite the Holy Quran according to the Qirat of Ya’qūb. The two persons who preserved this Qirat are Ruwais and Rūh.
- Khalaf bin Hishām: Khalaf is the person who are double credit with respect to the then Qirats of the Holy Quran. One the one hand, he is one of the two Qaris who preserved the Qirat of Hamza while on the other hand, he has his own style of recitation. The two Qaris who preserved the Qirat of Khalaf are Ishāq and Idrīs.
The majority of the Muslim Umma today recites Quran according to the Qirat of Hafs and Asim. According to a careful estimate, nearly 95% of the Muslims today recite the Holy Quran according to the Qirat of Hafs and Asim