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Holy Quran and Modern Science

The Holy Quran and Modern Science

In the past, it was somehow difficult for humankind to grasp the meaning of scientific means. However, the Holy Quran has already given the path to mankind on the right track. There are innumerable links that have been sought out by scientists in this modern world that there is a link between the Holy Quran and modern science.

There are numerous verses of the Holy Quran, which are dealing with the phenomenon of nature. Even today, it is not as easy for the scientist to grasp the actual meaning of the verses given in the Holy Quran. Until and unless one has specialized research, he can get the actual meaning directed in the verses of the Holy Quran. So, one who has encyclopedic knowledge can only gain the real meaning which is given in the Holy Quran.

Facts of the Modern Science Discussed In the Holy Quran

Modern science has identified many facts that the Holy Quran has already discussed. Some of these facts include:

Astronomy: The Holy Quran and Modern Science

Astronomy is a meaningful term, and it is the branch of science that details the study of the sun, moon, planets, stars, etc. The topic to discuss here is that the people of the seventh century may have seen the sky and would be curious to know about it. However, it has already been guided in the Holy Quran regarding Astronomy in chapter number 51 and verse number 47. It is said that we build the sky with our ability; we are expanding it.

Therefore, the word expanding here gives an exact meaning that modern science has found lately as exact as told in the Holy Quran.

Expanding Universe: Quranic Verses and Modern Science

Modern Science says that scientists already thought that our universe is not dynamic, i.e., static. It means that the universe is not expanding. However, at one point, the well-known brilliant scientist Albert Einstein became puzzled and considered examining the idea of a static universe. The scientific community received a shocking revelation when Hubble established that galaxies in the universe are speeding away from us. This led to the interpretation that, in fact, the universe is expanding.

On the other hand, the other verse also justifies modern science exploration in the Holy Quran in chapter 21 and verse 30. ALLAH mentions that the heavens and the Earth were once fused together in one single piece, and then we split it apart.

The Quran and the Big Bang Theory: A Remarkable Revelation

However, modern science also dug out whatever the Quran has already mentioned. The scientists found out that everything was fused in a dense shape and showed singularity. Later on, it was pulled apart. Thus, the Big Bang theory is the same as it is given in the Holy Quran.  

Apart from this, the theory can be cleared in such words that the energy, matter, and space were intermingled into one another. So, it expanded, and then the space also started expanding. It is pertinent to clarify that the universe is not expanding into empty space because there is no space outside the universe. However, space itself is expanding, so those things in the process under space would acquire big gaps.

Geology: The Holy Quran and Modern Science

It is important for you to know first what Geology is. It is a scientific study of the structure of the Earth. Apart from this, it includes the origin as well as the history of the soil rocks of which this Earth consists. Once you understand this, a question arises: have you ever thought about the shape of the Earth? If you view the Earth, then it will glimpse you like a flat one. Undoubtedly, you would listen to your eyes and trust that the world is flat in general. However, our general mentality can reach only this scale that our Earth is flat.

On the other hand, it is already mentioned in the Holy Quran in chapter 79 and verse 30 that He has shaped the Earth as an egg. It is said in the Arabic word dahaha. Undoubtedly, there are multiple meanings of this word dahaha. However, one of its meanings is an egg or egg-like shape. So, the perfect metaphor that suggests the round shape of the Earth.

However, modern science says that, undoubtedly, the world has a round shape, i.e., a little bit squished at the poles—for instance, the picture shown from space shows the Earth’s curvature.

Biology: The Holy Quran and Modern Science

Biology is the scientific study of life, and it states the structure of animals and plants. However, the Holy Quran also reveals about the living things in it. Similarly, it also tells about reproduction. It may be one repeated verse, but it was not mentioned completely earlier. It is mentioned in the Holy Quran in chapter 21 and verse 30 that unbelievers still do not realize about heaven and Earth, which were fused earlier. Then I clove them asunder and made every living thing out of the water. So, will they still not believe it?

On the other hand, the modern scientific idea regarding Earth became correct when they discovered scientifically that the origin of life is aquatic. Thus, it can be said that this time, modern science also matches what was already told in the Holy Quran.

Atomism in Physics: Ancient Theory and the Qur’an’s Perspective

In the field of Physics, the ancient theory of “Atomism” suggested that the atom is the fundamental, indivisible unit of matter. The Greek philosopher mentioned this concept first. Democrates over twenty centuries ago and was also known to Arabic scholars, with the Arabic word for atom bing “Zarra.” However, modern science has revealed that while the atom is indeed the smallest particle of matter with the characteristics of an element, it can be further divided into subatomic particles such as electrons and protons. Some might argue that this makes the Qur’an outdated, but the Qur’an does not explicitly state that the atom is indivisible.

In fact, the Qur’an offers insights into the nature of matter. In Surah Sabah, Chapter No. 34, Verse No. 3, it states that the hour will surely come, and it is within the knowledge of the unseen Lord, who maintains records of even the minutest details of an atom in the heavens and on Earth. It mentions that in His records, there are perspicuous things smaller and greater than the atom, suggesting that the Qur’an acknowledges the existence of entities beyond the atom.

Similarly, in Surah Yunus, Chapter No. 10, Verse No. 61, the Qur’an reiterates the presence of perspicuous things smaller and greater than the atom, reinforcing its relevance and timeliness.

Water Cycle in Geography: Historical Theories and the Qur’an’s Insights

In the field of Geography, the water cycle, also known as the coherent water cycle, was described by Sir Bernard Palissy in 1580. He outlined the process of water evaporating from the ocean, forming clouds, moving inland, raining, and then flowing back into the ocean. Earlier theories, such as that of Thales of Miletus in the 7th century BC, attributed rain to the spray of the ocean picked up by the wind. Aristotle’s theory, prevalent until the 19th century, proposed that water vapour evaporated from the soil and condensed in mountain caverns, forming lakes that fed springs.

Modern science has revealed that underground water, including springs, is primarily due to rainwater seepage. Surah Al-Zumur, Chapter No. 39, Verse No. 21 of the Qur’an, describes the process, stating that Allah sends down rain from the sky, seeping it into the sources in the ground, resulting in springs and the growth of various-colored plants. This concept is reiterated in Surah Rum, Chapter No. 30, Verse No. 24 and Surah Muminun, Chapter No. 23, Verse No. 18, which mention Allah’s control over rain and water storage and drainage.

The Qur’an also discusses the wind’s role in the water cycle. In Surah Al-Hijr, Chapter No. 15, Verse No. 22, it mentions “fecundating winds” that impregnate clouds, causing rain to fall. The Arabic term ‘Lawaaqi’ signifies winds carrying pollen, contributing to rain formation through cloud condensation and lightning.

Evaporation, cloud formation, precipitation, and return of water to the oceans

Furthermore, the Qur’an elucidates the complete water cycle, describing the evaporation, cloud formation, precipitation, and return of water to the oceans. You can find it in Surah Nur, Chapter No. 24, Verse No. 43, Surah Naba, Chapter No. 78, Verse No. 12 to 14, Surah Rum, Chapter No. 30, Verse No. 48, and various other verses.

The Qur’an provides remarkable insights into hydrology and the water cycle, demonstrating its timeless relevance.


Thus, these are the ideas from which the ideas of modern science can authentically match what the Holy Quran has already mentioned. Undoubtedly, these are only a few examples that show the facts of modern science and its resemblance to the facts already mentioned in the Holy Quran. However, it is very interesting that whatever modern science is exploring is already explored and guided in the Holy Quran. So, several facts resemble those explored in modern science Quran Class. Therefore, we can say that modern science is studying and exploring today whatever the Holy Quran has already mentioned.