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Surah Zilzal: Explanation and lessons from Surah Zalzalah

Surah al Zilzal is the 99th Surah of the Quran. It contains 8 verses and one ruku and was revealed in Mecca. The name al Zilzal  means “the shaking.” This Surah is about the Day of Judgment and the signs that will precede it. This Surah is also known as Surah zalzalah (which means earthquake). You will find this Surah in the last para means para 30.

The revelation of surah Zilzal

 Surah al Zilzal is the Madani Surah means its revelation occurred in Madina.

Surah al Zilzal in Arabic

Surah ZIlzal
بِسۡمِ ٱللَّهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ
إِذَا زُلۡزِلَتِ ٱلۡأَرۡضُ زِلۡزَالَهَا
وَأَخۡرَجَتِ ٱلۡأَرۡضُ أَثۡقَالَهَا
وَقَالَ ٱلۡإِنسَٰنُ مَا لَهَا
يَوۡمَئِذٖ تُحَدِّثُ أَخۡبَارَهَا
بِأَنَّ رَبَّكَ أَوۡحَىٰ لَهَا
يَوۡمَئِذٖ يَصۡدُرُ ٱلنَّاسُ أَشۡتَاتٗا لِّيُرَوۡاْ أَعۡمَٰلَهُمۡ
فَمَن يَعۡمَلۡ مِثۡقَالَ ذَرَّةٍ خَيۡرٗا يَرَهُۥ
وَمَن يَعۡمَلۡ مِثۡقَالَ ذَرَّةٖ شَرّٗا يَرَهُۥ

English translation of Surah Al Zilzal

  1.  When the earth will be trembled
    with its quake,
  2. and the earth will bring forth its
  3. and man will say,
    “What has happened to it?”
  4.  That day, it will describe all its
  5. because its Lord will have so
    commanded it.
  6. That day, the people will come back
    (from the place of reckoning) in
    different groups, so that they may be
    shown (the fruits of) their deeds.
  7.  So, whoever does any good act
    (even) to the weight of a particle will
    see it.
  8. And whoever does evil (even) to the
    weight of a particle will see it.


The theme of surah Zilzal

Surah al-Zilzal reminds humanity of the Day of Judgment and the destruction that will come with it. This Surah also serves as a warning to those who do not believe in Allah and His signs.
Surah al-Zilzal ends with a reminder that all these things will happen because Allah is mighty and just. Those who do good deeds will have nothing to fear on that day, but those who have done evil will be sufferers. This Surah is a powerful reminder of our mortality and should motivate us to lead righteous lives.

EXPLANATION OF SURAH AL ZILZAL taken from Tafseer e Usmani

AYAH 1 Of Surah Zizal

إِذَا زُلۡزِلَتِ ٱلۡأَرۡضُ زِلۡزَالَهَا

The Almighty will shake the entire earth with a very severe and devastating earthquake. Due to this trauma, no building and a mountain or tree will remain on the ground. All will be equal. So that the field bears are completely smooth and clean, this matter will be at the Hour of Resurrection.

AYAH 2 of surah al zilzal

وَأَخۡرَجَتِ ٱلۡأَرۡضُ أَثۡقَالَهَا

That is, the earth will release its burden. For example, the dead, gold, and silver will all be poured out. But there will be no one who will take the wealth. Everyone will see how useless it is today for which they used to fight with each other.

 There is a hadeeth that anyone who has killed someone for the sake of wealth, or who has violated the rights of relatives for wealth, or stealing for it, seeing this wealth will say that this is the wealth for which I committed this sin. Then no one will pay attention to this gold and silver.

AYAH 3 of surah al zilzal

وَقَالَ ٱلۡإِنسَٰنُ مَا لَهَا

That is, after the man is alive and sees the signs of this earthquake, or their spirits will be amazed at the same earthquake and say what has happened to this earth that has started moving so loudly and  Throwing out all the things?

Ayah 4 of Surah Zalzalah

يَوۡمَئِذٖ تُحَدِّثُ أَخۡبَارَهَا

That day earth will say its words

Ayah 5 of surah zilzal

بِأَنَّ رَبَّكَ أَوۡحَىٰ لَهَا

That is, the earth will show all the good or bad deeds bani adam used to do on it. For example, the earth will say such a person performed namaz on me; such a person stole things; such a person did murder and so on. In today’s language, we can understand that the earth keeps a record of all the deeds that we do on this earth. The earth will reveal all those deeds before ALLAH on the day of judgment.

Ayah 6 of Surah al zilzal

يَوۡمَئِذٖ يَصۡدُرُ ٱلنَّاسُ أَشۡتَاتٗا لِّيُرَوۡاْ أَعۡمَٰلَهُمۡ

That day, man will leave their graves and be present in the form of different groups in the field of resurrection. A group will be of drunkenness, one of adultery, one of the wrongdoers, one of the thieves. Or it means that people will return by reckoning, some parties will go to Paradise, and some will go to hell. The evildoers will get a kind of disgrace, and those who did good deeds in this life will be released as good persons, or it is possible that showing their acts means showing the consequences of theri deeds.

AYAH 7 and 8 Of Surah Zalzalah

فَمَن يَعۡمَلۡ مِثۡقَالَ ذَرَّةٍ خَيۡرٗا يَرَهُۥ

وَمَن يَعۡمَلۡ مِثۡقَالَ ذَرَّةٖ شَرّٗا يَرَهُۥ

That is, even a little action a person would have done in his past, either good or bad, will be shown to him, and the decision of ALLAH ALMIGHTY  according to one’s action will also be shown to him.

Lessons of Surah Zalzalah

There are several lessons that we can learn from Surah Zilzal.

  • First, Allah is the ultimate judge, and no one else can compare to His justice.
  • Second, we should live our lives in a way that pleases ALLAH so that we will be successful on the Day of Judgment.
  • Third, we should not waste our time on earthly pleasures but instead focus on doing good deeds and preparing for the hereafter. Following these lessons, we can ensure that we are ready for the Day of Judgment and receive Allah’s mercy.

How to learn Surah Zalzalah

How to learn Surah Zilzal

Regarding understanding Surah Zalzalah, it is essential to remember that this is a relatively short surah. As such, it should not take long to learn. However, reading and understanding the verses’ meanings is still worth reading, as they offer a powerful reminder of the Day of Judgment.

  • One way to learn Surah Zilzal is to recite it regularly. It will help you to memorize the verses, and it will also allow you to reflect on their meaning more deeply.
  •  Additionally, you can listen to audio recordings of the Surah or read commentary on its meaning.
  •  By learning Surah Zilzal, you can better understand this important chapter of the Qur’an.


In conclusion, Surah al-Zilzal is a reminder of the Day of Judgment and the destruction that will come with it. It warns those who do not believe in Allah and His signs. The purpose of this Surah is to motivate us to lead righteous lives.