The Quran is not just a holy book about religious duties and rituals. It teaches us how to live our lives, and contains detailed teachings relating to all aspects of life. The Quran is also a complete moral guide, which teaches us all about what we should and should not do. As far as sins are concerned, the Quran tells us about numerous sins that we should avoid. It is essential for believers to learn about these sins, abstain from committing them, and repent if they err.
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Associating partners with Allah (Shirk) is the greatest sin
Shirk is the only unpardonable sin in Islam. In Surah An-Nisa, Allah tells us that He does not forgive the association of partners with Him. He forgives sins that are smaller than that for whom He wishes. Those who commit shirk have gone significantly far astray. If one commits the sin of shirk and then dies without repenting for it, his shirk will not be pardoned. Every believer should remember that there is no sin as severe as the sin of shirk. Muslims should always ensure that they only worship Allah and call upon Him.
Murder is described in the Quran as a terrible sin
In Surah Al-Furqan, Allah tells us that whoever murders someone whose killing is prohibited by Allah will face punishment. In Surah Al-Ma’idah, the unlawful murder of one person is likened to the killing of all of mankind, while saving one person is like saving all of mankind. Murdering someone whose life Allah does not allow to be taken is undoubtedly among the greatest of crimes. Every Muslim should pay heed to the Quran’s explicit condemnation of murder and never even think of committing such a terrible act.
Magic in a big sin as stated in the Quran
In Surah Al-Baqarah, Allah tells us that Harut and Marut, the angels at Babylon, did not teach anyone magic without first clarifying that they were a trial and warning people not to disbelieve by performing magic. The Children of Israel evidently knew that those who acquired the magic would have nothing in the Hereafter. Magic is something that is often glorified on television and in the media. As mentioned in Surah Al-Baqarah, practicing magic is unquestionably disbelief. Muslims should keep in mind the gravity of this sin and never indulge in it.
Neglecting prayer is a tremendous sin
In Surah Maryam, Allah tells us that people who neglected prayer and followed their desires will meet evil unless they repent, believe, and behave righteously. Prayer is the second pillar of Islam. Moreover, it is the first thing that Allah will ask us about on the Day of Judgment. Neglecting prayer altogether is a terrible sin. We must never neglect our prayers, and we should always ensure that we are punctual and consistent in performing all our obligatory prayers.
Withholding the Zakat (charity)
Zakat is the third pillar of Islam. In Surah Ali ‘Imran, Allah mentions a harsh punishment that awaits those who withhold Zakat. On the Day of Recompense, the charity they withheld will encircle their necks. Zakat is an obligation on all Muslims who possess sufficient wealth to pay it. Hence, withholding the Zakat is an awful sin, into which Muslims should never fall.
Disobeying parents is a sin
Allah orders the believers to treat their parents well in Surah Al-Isra, including in their old age. Our parents look after us when we are helpless and go through many hardships for our sake. Good treatment of parents is one of the most important aspects of good manners in Islam. The least we owe them is to be obedient and never disobey or disrespect them.
Adultery and fornication are huge sins in the Quran
In Surah Al-Isra, Allah instructs us to stay away from forbidden sexual intercourse. Adultery and fornication are terrible sins in Islam. They are immoral acts and have a devastating impact on society. Moreover, these evil prohibited acts destroy families and relationships. Believers should always protect themselves from Haram relationships.
Severing the ties of relationship is a sin
In Surah Muhammad, those who cause corruption on earth and cut the ties of relationship are described as the ones that Allah has cursed, so He made them deaf and blind. Therefore, Muslims should not sever the ties of relationship, as it is a grievous sin to do so.
Consumption of interest (Riba)
In Surah Al-Baqarah, Allah tells us that people who consume interest cannot stand on the Day of Judgment except like a person who Satan is beating into madness. Allah has generally allowed trade and prohibited interest. Furthermore, Allah declares war on those who deal in Riba. Usury is certainly among the gravest of sins and causes much enmity and suffering in society. Every Muslim should stay far away from usury.
Backbiting and slander are sins
Allah compares the despicable act of backbiting to eating the flesh of one’s dead brother. Hence, backbiting is a vile sin and should never be taken lightly. Similarly, in Surah An-Nur, we learn that the slander of women who are chaste and righteous invites the curse of Allah in the worldly life and the Afterlife, as well as immense torture. Therefore, Muslims should abstain from these awful sins.
The Quran describes stealing as a big sin
In Surah Al-Ma’idah, Allah says to cut off the hands of those who are thieves. Amputation serves as a deterring punishment from Allah. The severity of the penalty for stealing makes the evil of the action evident. Believers should not be breaking the law and stealing. Rather, Muslims should be model citizens and strive to emulate the noble qualities of the Prophet (PBUH).
Lying is a sin that the Quran discourages
In Surah Al-Hajj, Allah orders us to avoid the impurity of idols and avoid lying. Lying is an act of dishonesty that is contrary to the honorable values of Islam. It is a sin that every Muslim should avoid, as it is in stark contrast to the honest example set by our Prophet (PBUH).
Bribery and consuming another’s wealth unjustly
In Surah Al-Baqarah, the unjust consumption of each other’s wealth is deemed unlawful, as is bribery. These are unquestionably immoral acts relating to wealth. Believers are specifically required to stay far away from such despicable transgressions.